Thursday, 12 May 2016

Corruption Perceptions Index 2015 - More than 6 billion people live in countries with a serious corruption problem .



''Corruption can be beaten if we work together. To stamp out the abuse of power, bribery and shed light on secret deals, citizens must together tell their governments they have had enough''. - José Ugaz

                                                                        José Ugaz
                                                   Chair, Transparency International

A country or territory’s score indicates the perceived level of public sector corruption on a scale of 0 (highly corrupt) to 100 (very clean). A country's rank indicates its position relative to the other countries in the index. This year's index includes 168 countries and territories.  Note that N/A means a country was not included in the index during a particular year.

Which countries improved? Which got worse?

2015 showed that people working together can succeed in fighting corruption. Although corruption is still rife globally, more countries improved their scores in 2015 than declined.
Some countries have improved in recent years – Greece, Senegal and the UK are among those that have seen a significant increase in scores since 2012.
Others, including Australia, Brazil, Libya, Spain and Turkey, have deteriorated.
Dealing with many entrenched corruption issues, Brazil has been rocked by the Petrobras scandal, in which politicians are reported to have taken kickbacks in exchange for awarding public contracts. As the economy crunches, tens of thousands of ordinary Brazilians have lost their jobs already. They didn’t make the decisions that led to the scandal. But they’re the ones living with the consequences.

CORRUPTION AND CONFLICT
GO HAND IN HAND

Five of the 10 most corrupt countries also rank among the 10 least peaceful places in the world.
In Afghanistan, millions of dollars that should have gone on reconstruction have been reportedly wasted or stolen, seriously undermining efforts to sustain peace.
Even where there’s not open conflict, the levels of inequality and poverty in these countries are devastating.
In Angola, 70 per cent of the population live on US$2 a day or less. One in six children die before the age of five – making it the deadliest place in the world to be a child. More than 150,000 children die each year. But not everyone’s suffering.
Dubbed Africa’s youngest billionaire, Isabel dos Santos made her US$3.4 billion fortune from the national diamond and telecommunications business. She’s also the president’s daughter.

Many “clean” countries have dodgy records overseas

Northern Europe emerges well in the index – it’s home to four of the top five countries.
But just because a country has a clean public sector at home, doesn’t mean it isn’t linked to corruption elsewhere.
Take Sweden for instance. It comes third in the index, yet the Swedish-Finnish firm TeliaSonera – 37 per cent owned by the Swedish state – is facing allegations that it paid millions of dollars in bribes to secure business in Uzbekistan, which comes in at 153rd in the index.
The company is now pulling out of business in Central Asia, but Sweden isn’t the only “clean” country to be linked to dodgy behaviour overseas. As our research shows, half of all OECD countries are violating their international obligations to crack down on bribery by their companies abroad.

Corruption is robbing billions of people of a brighter future. It's time for justice

The human cost of corruption is huge, yet all too often leaders with notoriously corrupt records continue to enjoy lives of luxury at the expense of people living in grinding poverty. It’s time they faced the consequence of their actions.
“Corruption will stop only when we collectively fight against it,” says photographer AM Ahad of his sad portrait of the nine-year-old child worker in Bangladesh. “It is crucial that we change the common mentality of accepting corruption and treat the crime as the terrible thing that it is.”
Take action with us. Join our global campaign to Unmask the Corrupt.


 

 

 

 

Rank

Country/territory

2015 Score

2014 Score

2013 Score

2012 Score

1

Denmark

91

92

91

90

2

Finland

90

89

89

90

3

Sweden

89

87

89

88

4

New Zealand

88

91

91

90

5

Netherlands

87

83

83

84

5

Norway

87

86

86

85

7

Switzerland

86

86

85

86

8

Singapore

85

84

86

87

9

Canada

83

81

81

84

10

Germany

81

79

78

79

10

Luxembourg

81

82

80

80

10

United Kingdom

81

78

76

74

13

Australia

79

80

81

85

13

Iceland

79

79

78

82

15

Belgium

77

76

75

75

16

Austria

76

72

69

69

16

United States

76

74

73

73

18

Hong Kong

75

74

75

77

18

Ireland

75

74

72

69

18

Japan

75

76

74

74

21

Uruguay

74

73

73

72

22

Qatar

71

69

68

68

23

Chile

70

73

71

72

23

Estonia

70

69

68

64

23

France

70

69

71

71

23

United Arab Emirates

70

70

69

68

27

Bhutan

65

65

63

63

28

Botswana

63

63

64

65

28

Portugal

63

63

62

63

30

Poland

62

61

60

58

30

Taiwan

62

61

61

61

32

Cyprus

61

63

63

66

32

Israel

61

60

61

60

32

Lithuania

61

58

57

54

35

Slovenia

60

58

57

61

36

Spain

58

60

59

65

37

Czech Republic

56

51

48

49

37

Korea (South)

56

55

55

56

37

Malta

56

55

56

57

40

Cape Verde

55

57

58

60

40

Costa Rica

55

54

53

54

40

Latvia

55

55

53

49

40

Seychelles

55

55

54

52

44

Rwanda

54

49

53

53

45

Jordan

53

49

45

48

45

Mauritius

53

54

52

57

45

Namibia

53

49

48

48

48

Georgia

52

52

49

52

48

Saudi Arabia

52

49

46

44

50

Bahrain

51

49

48

51

50

Croatia

51

48

48

46

50

Hungary

51

54

54

55

50

Slovakia

51

50

47

46

54

Malaysia

50

52

50

49

55

Kuwait

49

44

43

44

56

Cuba

47

46

46

48

56

Ghana

47

48

46

45

58

Greece

46

43

40

36

58

Romania

46

43

43

44

60

Oman

45

45

47

47

61

Italy

44

43

43

42

61

Lesotho

44

49

49

45

61

Montenegro

44

42

44

41

61

Senegal

44

43

41

36

61

South Africa

44

44

42

43

66

Sao Tome and Principe

42

42

42

42

66

The FYR of Macedonia

42

45

44

43

66

Turkey

42

45

50

49

69

Bulgaria

41

43

41

41

69

Jamaica

41

38

38

38

71

Serbia

40

41

42

39

72

El Salvador

39

39

38

38

72

Mongolia

39

39

38

36

72

Panama

39

37

35

38

72

Trinidad and Tobago

39

38

38

39

76

Bosnia and Herzegovina

38

39

42

42

76

Brazil

38

43

42

43

76

Burkina Faso

38

38

38

38

76

India

38

38

36

36

76

Thailand

38

38

35

37

76

Tunisia

38

40

41

41

76

Zambia

38

38

38

37

83

Benin

37

39

36

36

83

China

37

36

40

39

83

Colombia

37

37

36

36

83

Liberia

37

37

38

41

83

Sri Lanka

37

38

37

40

88

Albania

36

33

31

33

88

Algeria

36

36

36

34

88

Egypt

36

37

32

32

88

Indonesia

36

34

32

32

88

Morocco

36

39

37

37

88

Peru

36

38

38

38

88

Suriname

36

36

36

37

95

Armenia

35

37

36

34

95

Mali

35

32

28

34

95

Mexico

35

35

34

34

95

Philippines

35

38

36

34

99

Bolivia

34

35

34

34

99

Djibouti

34

34

36

36

99

Gabon

34

37

34

35

99

Niger

34

35

34

33

103

Dominican Republic

33

32

29

32

103

Ethiopia

33

33

33

33

103

Kosovo

33

33

33

34

103

Moldova

33

35

35

36

107

Argentina

32

34

34

35

107

Belarus

32

31

29

31

107

Cote d'Ivoire

32

32

27

29

107

Ecuador

32

33

35

32

107

Togo

32

29

29

30

112

Honduras

31

29

26

28

112

Malawi

31

33

37

37

112

Mauritania

31

30

30

31

112

Mozambique

31

31

30

31

112

Vietnam

31

31

31

31

117

Pakistan

30

29

28

27

117

Tanzania

30

31

33

35

119

Azerbaijan

29

29

28

27

119

Guyana

29

30

27

28

119

Russia

29

27

28

28

119

Sierra Leone

29

31

30

31

123

Gambia

28

29

28

34

123

Guatemala

28

32

29

33

123

Kazakhstan

28

29

26

28

123

Kyrgyzstan

28

27

24

24

123

Lebanon

28

27

28

30

123

Madagascar

28

28

28

32

123

Timor-Leste

28

28

30

33

130

Cameroon

27

27

25

26

130

Iran

27

27

25

28

130

Nepal

27

29

31

27

130

Nicaragua

27

28

28

29

130

Paraguay

27

24

24

25

130

Ukraine

27

26

25

26

136

Comoros

26

26

28

28

136

Nigeria

26

27

25

27

136

Tajikistan

26

23

22

22

139

Bangladesh

25

25

27

26

139

Guinea

25

25

24

24

139

Kenya

25

25

27

27

139

Laos

25

25

26

21

139

Papua New Guinea

25

25

25

25

139

Uganda

25

26

26

29

145

Central African Republic

24

24

25

26

146

Congo Republic

23

23

22

26

147

Chad

22

22

19

19

147

Democratic Republic of the Congo

22

22

22

21

147

Myanmar

22

21

21

15

150

Burundi

21

20

21

19

150

Cambodia

21

21

20

22

150

Zimbabwe

21

21

21

20

153

Uzbekistan

19

18

17

17

154

Eritrea

18

18

20

25

154

Syria

18

20

17

26

154

Turkmenistan

18

17

17

17

154

Yemen

18

19

18

23

158

Haiti

17

19

19

19

158

Guinea-Bissau

17

19

19

25

158

Venezuela

17

19

20

19

161

Iraq

16

16

16

18

161

Libya

16

18

15

21

163

Angola

15

19

23

22

163

South Sudan

15

15

14

N/A

165

Sudan

12

11

11

13

166

Afghanistan

11

12

8

8

167

Korea (North)

8

8

8

8

167

Somalia

8

8

8

8

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